Dilihat: 11263
Diunduh: 1780





In this Learning Activity 2, you are going to study further about descriptive text of describing places (tourism destinations and famous historical buildings) and how to describe places using simple present tense, adverbs of place and descriptive words/adjectives and phrases that contain characteristics for a general description of tourism destinations and famous historical buildings.
Since you have learnt so far about describing people, it will not be difficult for you to describe about tourism destinations and the famous historical buildings. It is important for you to learn about describing places such as tourism destinations and famous historical buildings, because when you want to go to such places, you will need an exact location and description of those places so that you are not lost and misdirected. So, it really helps your journey to be more effective and efficient because you know excatly where to go and find those places. It is important, isn't it? Alright then, now, look and read the following paragraph!



Pura Uluwatu


Pura Uluwatu is a spectacular Hindu temple in Bali. It is located about eight meters above sea level on the edge of a steep cliff at the southern part of Bali. Pura Uluwatu is one of the six main temples in Bali. It is very famous among tourists coming to Bali. People come not only to see the remarkable temple but also enjoy the beautiful panorama and of course, the stunning sunsets. When visiting the temple, visitors are warned about the aggresiveness of the monkeys. They may grab your cameras or sunglasses. The best times to visit this temple is during weekdays and before sunset. At that time, there are not many people around, so visitors can have more time to explore the temple. It is also time when visitors can watch dolphins and turtles in the sea.



Have you visited Pura Uluwatu before? If you have, it is great, isn't it. But if you haven't, now it is a good time to know about this place so that you will able to describe it correctly!

Do you still remember what you have learnt before about descriptive text? Yes, that's right! It is started with identififying something and followed by the description of that thing with nouns, adjectives, or adverbs that describe the particular things.


Now, look at the paragraph of Pura Uluwatu again and pay attention! Do you know what the identification sentence is? Can you find the sentences that  describe the identification? Let us check by looking at the paragraph below!


Examples: Pay attention to sentences in the identification and description. Also look carefully for the underlined words/phrases that are example of descriptive adjectives!




How is it? Quite easy, isn't it? Excellent! Now you know better about the structure of descriptive text in describing Pura Uluwatu as one of tourism destinations in Bali.

When you describe a place, you will need to know about using adjectives to describe a place such as tourism destination and famous historical buildings. Listen to a conversation between Prabu and Mahadewi about Bandung!


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How is it? Have you ever been to Bandung? If you have, that's great! If you haven't, now you have known Bandung better by listening to a conversation between Prabu and Mahadewi, haven't you? Excellent! You can click (button repeat) to listen the conversation again.

When you are ready, Look at the table below! This table shows you the examples of some adjectives used to describe Bandung! Do you know the antonym for each adjective? Please prepare a dictionary to help you. When you are ready, click (check) to match your answers with the correct antonyms!


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How is everything so far? Interesting isn't it? Now that you have learnt more about using adjectives to describe places. It is time for you to learn further about using adverbs of place. Are you ready? Let's get started!

What is adverbs of place?


Adverb of place tells us about the place of action or where action occurs/occurred/will occur. A good knowledge of adverbs of place is essential if you want to use English effectively.

An adverb (such as here or inside) describes where the action of a verb is carried out. It is lso called an adverb of place or a spatial adverb.

An adverb phrase answers the question "where?" is called spatial adverbial.

When a place adverb or adverbial phrase is moved to the beginning of the sentence, the main verb can be placed before the subject if it is in a simple tense (e.g. Here comes the next party of tourists; Beyond the city boundaries lived a farming community)

Examples of adverbs of place: here, there, near, somewhere, outside, ahead, on the top, at some place, everywhere, worldwide, in the driveway, at the palace, somewhere not far away, way up in the sky, top of hill, upstairs, etc



Look at some examples on how to use adverbs of place in a sentences:


    • Television programs produced in New York and Hollywood are seen worldwide.
    • Unfortunately, incompetence can be found everywhere.
    • When giving a presentation, please don't just stand there and read from the slides.
    • Leave the map here.
    • The children are playing outside.
    • He was standing near the wall
    • Leave your car in the driveway.
    • The emperor stayed at the palace.
    • I heard someone singing somewhere not far away.
    • Just picture a penthouse way up in the sky
    • They were flying kites on the top of a hill
    • He lives somewhere in New York
    • She went upstairs.



How is it so far? Do you find any difficulty learning about adverbs of place? To improve your understanding, please folow further explanation about the adverbs of place below!


Adverbs of place (1): here, nowhere, somewhere, there, away, everywhere,  etc.

If there is no object, these adverbs are usually placed after the verb:

    • Sheila went inside.   
    • The kids went outside.    
    • Let's go forwards.

But they come after verb + object or verb + preposition + object:

    • She sent him away.  
    • I looked for it everywhere.

Adverb phrases, formed of preposition + noun/pronoun/adverb, follow the above position rules:

    • The parrot sat on a perch.  
    • He stood in the doorway.
    • He lives near me. 


Adverbs of Place (2): somewhere, anywhere follow the same basic rules as some and any:

I've seen that man somewhere.
Can you see my key anywhere? 
No, I can't see it anywhere.
Are you going anywhere? (ordinary question) but
Are you going somewhere? (I assume that you are.)


nowhere, however, is not normally used in this position except in the expression to get nowhere (= to achieve nothing/to make no progress):
Forgetting to take the map will get you nowhere. (You'll gain no advantage by forgetting to take the map.)
However, it can be used in short answers:

a) Where are you going? 
b) Nowhere. (I'm not going anywhere.)

It can also, in formal English, be placed at the beginning of a sentence and is then followed by an inverted verb:

Nowhere will you find better roses than these. 



Adverbs of Place (3)

Here, there can be followed by be/come/go + noun subject:
Here's Tom.      
There's Ann.      
Here comes the train.
There goes our bus.



Adverbs of Place (4)

Here and there used as above carry more stress than here/there placed after the verb. It also has a difference in meaning. Tom is here means he is in this room/building/town etc. But Here's Tom implies that he has just appeared or that we have just found him. Tom comes here means that it is his habit to come to this place, but Here comes Tom implies that he is arriving or has just arrived. If the subject is a personal pronoun, it precedes the verb in the usual way:
There he is.      
Here I am.     
Here it comes.
But someone and something follow the verb:
There's someone who can help you.



Adverbs of Place (5)

away (= off), down, in, off, out, over, round, up etc. can be followed by a verb of motion + a noun subject:
Away went the runners.
Down fell a dozen apples.



How is it so far? Now, you know a lot better in using adverbs of place to describe places, don't you? Excellent! Now, try to do Exercise A by arranging the the jumbled words in brackets into a correct sentence tha describes a place using adverbs of place! You can click  to match your answers with the correct answer!

Are you ready? Let's get started!


Exercise A

Arrange these jumbled words in brackets into a correct sentence!
You can click  to automatically match your answers with the correct answers


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How is it? It is quite easy, isn't it? Excellent! Now it is time for you to practice listening in Exercise B! Listen to Rahma who describes about three cities with their descriptions!


Exercise B

Listen very carefully and guess where the city is! Try to guess what city it is!
You can click    to automatically match your answer with the correct answer!

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How is it? It is quite easy, isn't it? Excellent! Now that you have known better about:


    • The structure of descriptive text in a paragraph about describing places,
    • The adjectives used to describe places such as tourism destinations and famous historical buildings
    • The adverbs of place and how to use it correctly to describe places


Alright! What is next? Now that you have gone through all material in Learning Activity 2 describing places such as tourism destinations and famous historical building, it is time to review everything that you have learnt on Learning Activity 2! Let's move on to the conclusion!