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Rangkuman Akhir


Hi there! Finally you are in the closing session! Great!
Congratulation for you for doing all the sessions in this program! So proud of you!
In this Closing session, you are going to be provided with a summary of everything that you have learnt so far from the first learning activity to the last one. Let's get started!

In Learning Activity 1, you have learnt about what descriptive text of describing people is and how to describe a person/people using simple present tense, descriptive adjectives, comparative adjectives using "er" and "more", and compound adjectives and phrases that contain characteristics for a general description of a person/people. 

In Learning Activity 2, you have learnt about about descriptive text of describing places (tourism destinations and famous historical buildings) and how to describe places using simple present tense, adverbs of place and descriptive words/adjectives and phrases that contain characteristics for a general description of tourism destinations and famous historical buildings.
Now, read along once again to summarize everything you have learnt so far from Learning Acyivity 1 and 2 below!

The Definition and Purpose of Descriptive Text

Descriptive text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. It covers the physical condition and characteristics of a person and a thing described. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing clearly.


The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text
Descriptive text has it's structure as below:

    • Identification: identifying the phenomenon to be described.
    • Description: describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.


The features of Descriptive Text

    • Using attributive and identifying process.                           
    • Using descriptive adjectives and classifiers in nominal group.
    • Using simple present tense



When you describe a person/people, you need to know descriptive adjectives, comparative adjectives, and compound adjectives. Look at the explanation below!

Descriptive Adjectives
Adjectives are words that describe or modify a person/thing/place/concept (e.g. a noun or a noun phrase) in a sentence.


Comparative adjectives
Comparative adjectives are used to describe the differences between two things.


Compound adjectives
Sometimes, we also use compound adjectives to describe a person's physical features. A compound adjective is an adjective that comprises more than one word. Usually, hyphen are used to link the words together to show that it is one adjective

Describing personality/characteristics
When you describe people or a person, it is not just the physical appearance that matters but also the personality/characteristics of that person/people that can reflect how you perceive about them. From these descriptive words describing personality/characteristics below, you can also identify good and bad personal qualities. At first, you may need a dictionary to help you understand further when you find difficulty in understanding certain characteristics.

Decribing places using adverb of place
Since you have learnt so far about describing people, it will not be difficult for you to describe about tourism destinations and the famous historical buildings. It is important for you to learn about describing places such as tourism destinations and famous historical buildings, because when you want to go to such places, you will need an exact location and description of those places so that you are not lost and misdirected. So, it really helps your journey to be more effective and efficient because you know excatly where to go and find those places.


Adverb of place tells us about the place of action or where action occurs/occurred/will occur. A good knowledge of adverbs of place is essential if you want to use English effectively.


Examples of adverbs of place: here, there, near, somewhere, outside, ahead, on the top, at some place, everywhere, worldwide, in the driveway, at the palace, somewhere not far away, way up in the sky, top of hill, upstairs, etc